Jag önskar att rubriken var en överdrift men det är det inte. Elektronikföretaget Samsung som bland annat tillverkar de väldigt populära Galaxy-telefonerna utsätter sina arbetare för gifter som orsakar cancer. 140 arbetare har drabats av cancer som är tydligt arbetsrelaterad och 50 av dem har dött. Det är lika många som dött i självmordsattacken i Irak och faktiskt långt färre än dem som dött i båtolyckan i Italien (utan att på något vis bagatellisera den katastrofen). The Public Eye Awards har därför nominerat företaget till sin Hall of Shame för detta groteska beteende. Formuleringen lyder:
High-tech gadgets built on the backs of workers: South Korea’s richest conglomerate uses banned and highly-toxic substances in its factories, without informing and/or protecting its workers. As a result at least 140 workers were diagnosed with cancer, of which at least 50 young workers have died. Despite clear evidence, Samsung denies its responsibility and publicly discredits the sick and deceased, as well as their relatives. Samsung has a history of over 50 years of environmental pollution, trade union repression, corruption and tax flight. Samsung’s power in South Korea is so great that many citizens speak of the “Samsung Republic.”
IRRESPONSIBLE CORPORATE BEHAVIOR
Samsung uses banned toxins in its factories, without informing its workers. Samsung claimed that it had banned PVC and BFR in its products since 2004 under pressure from unions and environmental groups, without verifiably having actually done so. Although toxic gas leaked 46 times within half a year in a factory, the workers were not informed. In a random sampling at six factories, regular use of the cancer-causing solvent benzene was found, although Samsung denies its use. During the tests Samsung did not disclose 10 of 83 chemicals in use, claiming the information was a trade secret. Samsung also disputes its responsibility for numerous illnesses and deaths resulting from cancer that occur conspicuously often among young workers. Instead the company publicly defames the victims, and also attempts to repress trade unions by aggressive means, including threats against individuals. Tax flight is also common at Samsung.
At least 140 work-related cases of cancer – including at least 50 deaths – yet no acknowledgement of guilt or financial compensation. Most victims come from poor families and have never worked for another firm, so they are completely dependent on Samsung. Since the company does not acknowledge its role in the illnesses, the victims and their families often spend their entire savings on treatment. Samsung’s aggressive “no union” policy obstructs transparency and therefore the rectification of the situation.
CURRENT STATUS AND DEMANDS ON THE COMPANY
Samsung must remove numerous toxic substances from its production centers; other electronics manufacturers are already doing so. In addition, Samsung must protect its workers from accidents involving toxic substances, inform the workers when accidents occur, and accept responsibility for resulting cancer cases. Samsung must also allow unions, and work together with them to make factory conditions more transparent and to improve employee protection.